Purple Coneflower - Echinacea Purpurea
Purple coneflower, scientifically known as Echinacea purpurea, is a popular and well-known perennial flowering plant native to eastern and central North America. It is part of the daisy family (Asteraceae) and is admired for its striking, purple-pink to lavender-pink petals and its use in herbal medicine. Here are some key features and information about purple coneflowers:
- Appearance: Purple coneflowers typically grow between 2 and 4 feet tall. They have large, daisy-like flowers with prominent, cone-shaped centers, typically brown or orange. The petals are a vibrant purple-pink or lavender-pink color, which gives the plant its common name.
- Leaves: The leaves of purple coneflowers are lance-shaped, slightly serrated, and are arranged alternately on the stem. The leaves are typically dark green.
When do Purple Coneflower bloom?
- Blooming Period: These perennials bloom from late spring through early fall. The purple coneflower's flowering period can be long, making it an excellent addition to gardens and landscapes for extended color and pollinator attraction.
- Ecological Importance: Purple coneflowers are pollinator magnets, attracting bees, butterflies, and insects. Birds, especially goldfinches, are known to feed on the seeds produced by the cone-shaped center once the petals have withered.
- Medicinal Uses: Purple coneflower has a long history of use in traditional and herbal medicine. It is believed to have immune-boosting properties and is often used to make herbal remedies, such as echinacea tea or tinctures. These remedies support the immune system and help relieve the symptoms of colds and respiratory infections. DO NOT use this at home or with consultation from a professional.
- Garden Use: Purple coneflowers are a popular choice for gardens, including butterfly gardens and native plant gardens. It's easy to grow and can thrive in various soil conditions, with good drainage and plenty of sunlight. These plants are known for their low maintenance and drought tolerance.
Where to buy Purple Coneflower Echinacea?
Native Wildflowers Nursery has Purple coneflower for sale, and they can be sown in Autumn or early spring, and established plants can be divided to create new ones.
- Varieties: Purple coneflowers are available in various cultivars with different flower colors, such as white, yellow, and orange. While the purple-pink variety is the most common, these alternative colors can add diversity to your garden.
Purple coneflowers are not only beautiful additions to gardens but also provide valuable food sources for pollinators and have a history of herbal use. They are versatile and attractive for gardeners looking to enhance their landscapes while supporting local wildlife.